Discussion paper no.14: Industrial and Commercial Land Market Processes and their Impacts on the Poor
The conversion of agricultural land for industrial and commercial use is a major factor effecting poor households in rural and peri-urban areas of Vietnam. The impact of this process on poverty is multi-dimensional. Access to affordable land is often quoted as a key constraint for private sector development – one of the main drivers of economic growth, job creation and poverty alleviation. Land conversion is an important source of new land supply for the private sector. On the other hand, land conversion may have adverse effects on displaced households in terms of livelihood disruption, and social and cultural dislocation. Concern has also been raised about the food security effects of large scale conversion of paddy land.This report highlights the key issues relating to the administrative processes of agricultural land conversion and how they impact on farming households and enterprises. It also proposes the solutions in order to improve the implementation of these processes.
Last Updated ( Wednesday, 07 March 2007 )
No. 13: Viet Nam: Toward universal social protection:
Private mechanism to reach the poor

Policy issues and research implications

This report is composed of two parts. The first one reviews the reasons social protection coverage is usually low in developing countries, focusing on the private mechanisms that have been developed so far to expand coverage to low-income earners. It discusses the key features of those private mechanisms and derives the implications for Viet Nam, given the Government’s ambition to develop an integrated social protection. The second part focuses on the analytical agenda to support Vietnamese policy makers in designing and implementing an integrated, public-private social protection system. The issues for further research are identified based on a review of the literature on households’ attitudes toward risk, including their propensity to save and their willingness to rely on formal insurance.

Download Discussion paper No. 13: English

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 17 January 2007 )
How can research-based development interventions be more effective at influencing policy and practice?
Discussion paper No.12

Research is only one element in a system. There is now much evidence of what works and what does not work (Martin Surr, Andrew Barnett, Alex Duncan and Melanie Speight, 2002). This paper is to think about ways in which those who are involved in Making Markets Work (MMW) programmes can be effective at influencing policy and practice, whether of government, development agencies, private companies or NGOs.The paper draws lessons from two case studies in which initiatives with their origins in research have had some influences: sustainable livelihoods and Drivers of Change.  It then considers three issues: (i) how we can most usefully think about the linkages between researchers and policy makers; (ii) the need to understand the institutional incentives facing policy makers; and (iii) the risk of undervaluing communication.See details in our Discussion paper No. 12: EnglishVietnamese
Last Updated ( Wednesday, 09 August 2006 )
The participartion of the poor in Supermarkets and other Distribution Value Chains (DVCs)
Discussion paper No.11

Although the development has not been as fast paced as in other countries in Asia, supermarkets are an increasingly common part of commodity trade in Viet Nam. In late 2001, there were 70 supermarkets in Viet Nam, 32 in Hanoi and 38 in Ho Chi Minh City, while there were none before 1990. By June 2004 the number of supermarkets in Hanoi reached 55 supermarkets (plus 9 wholesale centers, including Metro), and there were 71 supermarkets in Ho Chi Minh City alone by 2005.

The development of these innovative distribution chains goes together with activities which add much value to the business of food distribution. Thanks to economies of scale, they also have a potential for cutting distribution costs and sell more affordable products to consumers. This development represents income generation opportunities for a country like Viet Nam where poverty alleviation is a major policy goal. The challenge is how to ensure that the value added by these new enterprises can effectively be distributed to the poor and how to maintain alternative distribution chains which can generate more value for the poor.

See details of the Study in our Discussion paper No.11: EnglishVietnamese
See also Briefing No.13 on Supermarkets: English – Vietnamese
MDB No.7 on Supermarkets: English – Vietnamese

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 09 August 2006 )
No.10: Labor Segmentation and Poverty
To determine the extent and the main causes of labor market segmentation in Viet Nam as well as its impact on poverty, a study has been conducted as a part of M4P. The research team comprises of the Institute of World Economics and Politics, Central Institute of Economic Management, and the Institute of Labor and Social Affair Studies.

The study revealed some strong evidence of labor market segmentation in Viet Nam. There are segment-specific returns to human capital and consequently, workers with similar human capital characteristics receive different wage and salary. The study provided supporting evidence of not only urban-rural segmentation but also formal-informal and migrant-non-migrant segmentation in urban areas. More findings, analysis and policy implications can be found in the documents below.

Download: English Vietnamese
See also: MDB No.6: Migrant & Non-migrant workers: Position and opportunities: English Vietnamese
Briefing: English Vietnamese

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 09 August 2006 )
  • No. 9: Making Markets Work Better for the Poor (M4P)
  • No. 8: Participatory Markets and Livelihood Assessment in Da Nang City
  • No. 7: Agricultural Commercialization, Value Chains, and Poverty Reduction
  • No. 6: Communication Strategy: Engaging and Connecting People
  • No. 5: Factor Markets in Viet Nam: Capital – Labor – Land
  • No. 4: Market Systems and Poor Communes
  • No. 3: The Impact of Land Market Processes on the Poor: Implementing De Soto
  • No. 2: Private Enterprise Formality and the Role of Local Government
  • No. 1: The Participation of the Poor in the Value Chain for Tea