Faciliating Market Integration of the Upland Poor into Bamboo Value Chains:

Upgrading Strategies for Local Producer Groups
Briefing and Discussion paper No.15

The report summarizes a study on the participation of Vietnamese bamboo producers in the global value chains. It covers main findings and policy implications from the study in three components: (1) Assessment of market opportunities for bamboo producers; (2) Vertically integrating bamboo producers into the value chains of laminated bamboo products; and (3) Collective action. Conclusions and policy recommendations of the report fall into two general areas: (1) Factors affecting the dynamics and markets of the bamboo industry; and (2) Operating factors affecting clusters of small-scale processors of bamboo.

Click here to download Briefing No. 15: English – Vietnamese and Discussion paper No. 15: English

Last Updated ( Friday, 04 May 2007 )
Briefing no. 14: Industrial and Commercial Land Market Processes and their Impacts on the Poor
The conversion of agricultural land for industrial and commercial use is a major factor effecting poor households in rural and peri-urban areas of Vietnam. The impact of this process on poverty is multi-dimensional. Access to affordable land is often quoted as a key constraint for private sector development – one of the main drivers of economic growth, job creation and poverty alleviation. Land conversion is an important source of new land supply for the private sector. On the other hand, land conversion may have adverse effects on displaced households in terms of livelihood disruption, and social and cultural dislocation. Concern has also been raised about the food security effects of large scale conversion of paddy land.

This report highlights the key issues relating to the administrative processes of agricultural land conversion and how they impact on farming households and enterprises. It also proposes the solutions in order to improve the implementation of these processes.

Click here to download Briefing no.14: Vietnamese
See also Discussion paper no.14 on Land conversion: Vietnamese

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 07 March 2007 )
No. 13: The participation of the poor in Supermarkets and other Distribution Value Chains
Although the development has not been as fast paced as in other countries in Asia, supermarkets are an increasingly common part of commodity trade in Viet Nam. In late 2001, there were 70 supermarkets in Viet Nam, 32 in Hanoi and 38 in Ho Chi Minh City, while there were none before 1990. By June 2004 the number of supermarkets in Hanoi reached 55 supermarkets (plus 9 wholesale centers, including Metro), and there were 71 supermarkets in Ho Chi Minh City alone by 2005.The development of these innovative distribution chains goes together with activities which add much value to the business of food distribution. Thanks to economies of scale, they also have a potential for cutting distribution costs and sell more affordable products to consumers. This development represents income generation opportunities for a country like Viet Nam where poverty alleviation is a major policy goal. The challenge is how to ensure that the value added by these new enterprises can effectively be distributed to the poor and how to maintain alternative distribution chains which can generate more value for the poor.

See details of the Study in our Briefing No.13 : English
See also Discussion paper No.11 on Supermarkets: English
          MDB No.7 on Supermarkets: English 

Last Updated ( Friday, 05 January 2007 )
No. 12: Labor Segmentation and Poverty
To determine the extent and the main causes of labor market segmentation in Viet Nam as well as its impact on poverty, a study has been conducted as a part of M4P. The research team comprises of the Institute of World Economics and Politics, Central Institute of Economic Management, and the Institute of Labor and Social Affair Studies.

The study revealed some strong evidence of labor market segmentation in Viet Nam. There are segment-specific returns to human capital and consequently, workers with similar human capital characteristics receive different wage and salary. The study provided supporting evidence of not only urban-rural segmentation but also formal-informal and migrant-non-migrant segmentation in urban areas. More findings, analysis and policy implications can be found in the documents below.

Download Briefing No. 12: English 
See also: MDB No.6: Migrant & Non-migrant workers: Position and opportunities:English
Discussion paper on Labor: English Vietnamese


Last Updated ( Wednesday, 09 August 2006 )
No. 11: Participatory Livelihood and Market Assessment in Da Nang City
This report Participatory Markets and Livelihood Assessment summarizes the main points covered by a research undertaken in Da Nang from February to December 2004. The research is to analyze livelihoods by examining the interaction between livelihoods and markets from the perspective of poor groups and those who participate in markets, and identifying opportunities created to enable markets to operate in pro-poor and sustainable ways.

You will find in the reports main findings in terms of Poverty and livelihood strategies, Market transaction and the role of markets, Urbanization, livelihoods and poverty. Also, solutions are recommended to bring more and better opportunities for the poor to participate in markets.

Download: English 

See also Discussion paper on PMA: English 

Last Updated ( Monday, 31 July 2006 )